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Mongolia — Thermal Power Plant Rehabilitation

Key Objectives:

To assist in the rehabilitation of thermal plants, with training programs for maintenance staff, in cooperation with the Asian Development Bank (ADB). 

Completed in 1995

The Central Energy System (CES) is the national power utility in Mongolia responsible for the generation and distribution of electricity, as well as the production of process steam and district heating. The CES serves about 1 million people, approximately 50% of the Mongolian population. Mongolia has a thermal power system of an obsolete Russian design and their cogeneration units are in a very serious state of disrepair.

At the request of the Asian Development Bank (ADB), the Global Sustainable Electricity Partnership (GSEP) agreed to support the Bank in identifying priority tasks in order to avoid a complete breakdown of the electrical and district heating system.

In February 1995, GSEP experts took part in a two-week ADB mission to Ulaanbaatar to identify priority repair and rehabilitation work and to select power plant components suitable for ADB financing. The Partnership experts’ recommendations were included in a memorandum of understanding (MOU) signed between the ADB and the Mongolian Ministry of Energy, Geology and Mining.

The GSEP’s initiative included the following main tasks:

  • Recommend priority measures to improve plant availability and efficiency
  • Review of the ADB’s bidding documents for refurbishment of the high pressure part
  • Advise CES on selection of an easy-to-operate furnace system
  • Review of the installed dust separation technology
  • Review of the availability of spare parts from shut-down power plants in East Germany

The Mongolian Ministry of Energy, Geology and Mining appreciated the assistance provided by the GSEP and emphasised that the training program played an important role in improving the skills of managers and engineers in the energy sector. The ADB confirmed that the GSEP experts’ advice on power plant technology and operation, as well as the review of the Bank’s tender documents, from a neutral expert’s perspective, had been very useful for their financing procedure and for allocating the funds to the most effective measures.

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